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Villagers Cooking on Homemade Drum Ovens

By Angel Nuñez
Some of the best journey cakes (or Johnny cakes) sweet bread, Creole buns, or even salt bread used to be baked in a special oven that was actually made right here in San Pedro. As a matter of fact I have a neighbor who still uses it today. This oven never had any electronic faults or defects, but it did rust after some time and needed replacement when it got too rusty. I am talking about the “drum oven” or the “horno”, as it was called in Spanish, that was used over the fire hearth 25 years ago.

Let me teach you how to make one. First you need to locate a nice metal drum. You cut from the bottom of the drum (about ten inches from bottom) around the circumference. Now you need a lid or cover for your oven and for this you cut off the top lid of the drum using a cold chisel and a hammer. You also need to get two pieces of steel rods to place on top of the oven, thus providing a surface for the lid to rest upon. (refer to drawings)

Villagers Cooking on Homemade Drum Ovens

Now let’s use the “horno” or the San Pedro oven. Place the oven over some rocks so that you can build a fire underneath. Heat the oven from below with firewood. Once properly heated, the lid is placed on top of the open oven. Place most of the hot coal on top of the lid so that most of the heat will now come from above. Next, you can place the dough or specimen that is to be baked- the journey cakes, or cake or sweet bread. Place the lid over the oven so that there is heat coming from below and above. Bake for some 15 minutes checking periodically.

If you are baking too fast or burning the cakes, then remove some of the heat from below. After two or three trials with this fantastic microwave oven, you will get the knack of exactly how much firewood to use. You will know that the bread is ready by its color using the conventional method that you use with any stove oven. In this drum or oven, you can also bake the birthday cakes and sweet potato puddings. For weekends mother used to bake these delicious burger buns, even though we did not have hamburgers 25 years ago. However, we ate them with butter and cheese or gulped down two or three of them with some fried fish or fish eggs. This oven does add a little “smoke flavor” that everyone enjoys.

Villagers Cooking on Homemade Drum Ovens

As you can appreciate, eating was not the only pleasure. Baking was the real pleasure for moms and the women of the house. Of course some men also delighted in baking with these drum ovens of the past and even dads wanted to bake. Most families baked a huge batch on Saturdays, and when one was baking in these drum ovens over the fire hearth, the entire neighborhood knew what was going on.

Hey amigo, try to build a San Pedro Microwave Oven of 25 years ago before this art disappears. It might be handy during the blackouts. Or you can enjoy it as a hobby as much as you enjoy the outdoor barbecue grills.  Before I leave I have a secret for you.  The best fuel for these ovens was the dried coconut husks.   They were quick to light up, quick to heat, light, and the heat produced was never too intense that it would burn your bread. It provided the best charcoal ever!  Twenty Five Years Ago can guarantee this.


25 Years Ago Books Can Be Purchased At:
-Ambergris Today Online Newspaper -Jose Luis Zapata Photography Lala’s Store -Pampered Paws -San Pedro BTB Office -S.P. Town Library -Di Bush, A & R
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